There is a lot of false knowledge around about ticks. Some have a little fact to it, others are just Myth. You hear myth like ticks falling from trees onto their victims, only forests workers are at risk or ticks can be removed with glue.
True is: ticks can be quite dangerous because they can transmit a number of serious infectious diseases. The best tick protection is to know what is fact and what is just myths about ticks.
In order to be able to effectively protect against ticks and the diseases transmitted by ticks, one must know how they live and how to effectively protect against them.
Common misconceptions and myths about ticks
Ticks are active only in summer
Unfortunately, ticks are NOT only active in summer. They become active when the temperature rises above 7 to 9 degrees Celsius. With climate change and winters becoming milder in a lot of regions we are looking at tick activity throughout the year.
Ticks fall from trees
Another myth is that ticks drop from trees onto their victims when in range. They do NOT fall from trees. Ticks sit on the ground, on grass, leaves, in bushes and undergrowth. Usually no more than 2 feet off the ground. Here they wait for warm-blooded animals or humans. In passing, the tick gets brushed off and passes to the host.
Ticks are only a risk for rangers and forest workers
They are NOT. Ticks have already conquered the cities. They hitch rides on their hosts which can be anything from mice, hedgehogs, birds, foxes to humans. They fall off their host when full of blood and may lay eggs even when they are in our yard or around the house. Outdoor activities are popular, so people are at risk when spending time with gardening, camping, hiking or just being in nature.
The right clothing is enough protection
The right clothing and the correct wear (pants in the socks) may make it a bit harder for ticks to find a good place to bite. Also giving you a bit more time to find and remove the tick before it has settled to their blood meal. White clothing helps to find them. But there is no 100% protection against ticks, clothing alone can NOT afford safe protection. In addition to the right clothing, repellents help to protect against the risk of tick-borne ticks.
Nail polish remover, glue, alcohol are great to remove ticks
Do NOT use glue or oil! Similarly, burning the tick with a cigarette is not a good idea. If one kills the tick as long as it is still attached and feeds on its blood meal, it may vomit in its death struggle and delivers viruses and bacteria into the wound.
Remove ticks correctly.Use sharp tweezers or a tick card. Place this close to the skin possibly between the tick’s head and body. Move back and forth a little to loosen the barb of the ticks mouths. Then pull them out. If you do not have tweezers or ticks, carefully grasp the tick between your fingernails (do not squash them) and pull them out of the skin vertically. Clean and disinfect the wound.
A repellent on the naked skin is enough
A repellent is meant to disturb the ticks orientation or to kill it, depending on the product used. There are many chemicals to chose from. However, it is NOT enough to only rely entirely on a topical repellent as tick protection, as ticks can cling to clothing and slowly crawl up until they find a place to bite. For better protection spray your clothes to at least knee height. Better even wear tick repellent clothing when outdoors.
You can get vaccinated against ticks
Unfortunately, you can NOT get vaccinated against ticks. There is only a TBE vaccination that protects against Tick-borne encephalitis, a tick-transmitted disease that is common in parts of Central and Eastern Europe, and Northern Asia.
Borreliosis can be recognized by a red migrating skin spot
The myth says that when a tick bite shows a red spot, one would be infected with borreliosis (Lyme disease). There are however many more conditions associated with red spots and the absence of a red spot around the tick bite does NOT mean that you have been spared from borreliosis. The so-called “migrans“ does not occur in all infections with borreliosis.
Ticks transmit only borreliosis and TBE
Unfortunately, diseases spread by ticks are NOT confined to borreliosis and or TBE. There are so far 16 known illnesses that ticks may transmit to humans. Those tick-transmitted diseases are caused by various types of bacteria, viruses, and protozoa. A tick bite may cause more than one disease. There could be a whole cocktail of bacteria in a single ticks intestines.